The Sultanate of Oman occupies the south-eastern corner of the Arabian Peninsula Map of Oman and has a total area of 312,500 km2. It is bordered in the north-west by the United Arab Emirates, in the west by Saudi Arabia and in the south-west by Yemen. A detached area of Oman, separated from the rest of the country by the United Arab Emirates, lies at the tip of the Musandam Peninsula, on the southern shore of the Strait of Hormuz.
The country has a coastline of almost 1,700 km, from the Strait of Hormuz in the north to the borders of the Republic of Yemen in the south-west, overlooking three seas: the Persian Gulf, the Gulf of Oman and the Arabian Sea.
In terms of seasonal changes, the monsoonal regime makes the Omani coast a valuable study case for monitoring the coastal ecosystem affected by one of the most intensive coastal upwelling in the Worlds Ocean.